What is Urology?
Urology is the medical branch whose primary focus revolves around providing management and treatment solutions against the diseases and infections affecting and originating in the male and female urinary tracts or name in the adrenal glands, kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. The male genital organs of the scrotum, prostate, testes, and penis also fall under the purview of the previously mentioned discipline.
As the scope of the discipline is wide, urologists deal with a wide range of clinical problems, some of the most common ones being kidney stones, phimosis or painfully tight foreskin, hydrocele or in a layman’s language, swelling in the scrotum, male infertility, urinary cancers, nervous system problems manifesting into urological issues and more.
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A hydrocele occurs when fluid fills the scrotum of a male, causing it to expand. It is not a serious health problem, but it may be humiliating and inconvenient. Hydroceles are more prevalent in male newborns than in adults, and there are innumerable quality treatments available to alleviate the condition.
Kidney stones, also known as renal calculi, are solid masses composed of crystals. Kidney stones are often formed in the kidneys. They can, however, appear anywhere throughout your urinary system, which is made up of four major segments namely, kidneys, ureters, bladder, and the urethra.
Phimosis is a disorder that causes the foreskin to be unable to be retracted (drawn back) from the tip of the penis. A tight foreskin is typical in uncircumcised newborn males, although it normally resolves itself by the age of three.
Phimosis can develop spontaneously or as a consequence of scarring. Young boys may not require treatment for phimosis until it causes difficulty urinating or other symptoms.